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Tire Chain Laws

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Washington Tire Chain Laws Oregon Tire Chain Laws California Tire Chain Laws Nevada Tire Chain Laws Arizona Tire Chain Laws Utah Tire Chain Laws Idaho Tire Chain Laws Montana Tire Chain Laws Wyoming Tire Chain Laws Colorado Tire Chain Laws New Mexico Tire Chain Laws Alaska Tire Chain Laws Hawaii Tire Chain Laws Texas Tire Chain Laws Oklahoma Tire Chain Laws Kansas Tire Chain Laws Nebraska Tire Chain Laws South Dakota Tire Chain Laws North Dakota Tire Chain Laws Minnesota Tire Chain Laws Iowa Tire Chain Laws Wisconsin Tire Chain Laws Illinois Tire Chain Laws Missouri Tire Chain Laws Arkansas Tire Chain Laws Louisiana Tire Chain Laws Florida Tire Chain Laws Mississippi Tire Chain Laws Alabama Tire Chain Laws Georgia Tire Chain Laws South Carolina Tire Chain Laws North Carolina Tire Chain Laws Tennessee Tire Chain Laws Kentucky Tire Chain Laws Indiana Tire Chain Laws Ohio Tire Chain Laws West Virginia Tire Chain Laws Virginia Tire Chain Laws Michigan Tire Chain Laws Delaware Tire Chain Laws Maryland Tire Chain Laws Pennsylvania Tire Chain Laws New Jersey Tire Chain Laws Connecticut Tire Chain Laws Rhode Island Tire Chain Laws Massachusetts Tire Chain Laws New York Tire Chain Laws Vertmont Tire Chain Laws New Hampshire Tire Chain Laws Maine Tire Chain Laws

Select a State on the US Map to find the links to the Chain Laws for that State.

Tire Chains are legal in all 50 states, although regulation regarding their usage varies by state.

Alabama

Code of Alabama 1975

https://codes.lp.findlaw.com/alcode/32/5/9/1/32-5-210

No tire on a vehicle moved on a highway shall have on its periphery any block, stud, flange, cleat, or spike or any other protuberances of any material other than rubber which project beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire, except that it shall be permissible to use farm machinery with tires having protuberances which will not injure the highway and, except also, that it shall be permissible to use tire chains or metal studded or safety spike tires of reasonable proportions upon any vehicle when required for safety because of snow, rain, or other conditions tending to cause a vehicle to slide or skid.

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Alaska

Alaska statue section 28.35.155

DMV FAQ's about studded tires. 

North of 60 North Latitude, studded tires or tire with chains attached are allowed on paved highways and roads between September 16th through April 31st, South of 60 North Latitude, they are allowed between October 1st-April 14th

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Arizona

Arizona revised statutes
section 28-958 tire equipment restrictions.

A tire on a vehicle that is moved on a highway shall not have on its periphery any block, stud, flange, cleat, spike or other protuberance that is made of any material other than rubber and that projects beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire, except that it is permissible to use:

1. Farm machinery with tires having protuberances that will not injure the highway.

2. Tire chains of reasonable proportions on a vehicle when required for safety because of snow, ice or other conditions tending to cause a vehicle to skid.

3. From October 1 to May 1 pneumatic tires containing metal type studs of tungsten carbide or other suitable material that are inserted or constructed in a manner so that the number of studs or the percentage of metal in contact with the roadway does not exceed three per cent of the total tire area in contact with the roadway under any conditions.

C. The director and local authorities in their respective jurisdictions may issue special permits authorizing the operation on a highway of traction engines or tractors having movable tracks with transverse corrugations on the periphery of the movable tracks or farm tractors or other farm machinery, the operation of which on a highway would otherwise be prohibited under this chapter.

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Arkansas

Arkansas Code Title 27 Transportation

27-37-401. 

No tire on a vehicle moved on a highway shall have on its periphery any block, stud, flange, cleat, spike, or any other protuberances of any material except rubber which projects beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire, with the following exceptions:

(1) It shall be permissible to use farm machinery with tires having protuberances which will not injure the highway;

(2) It shall be permissible to use tire chains of reasonable proportions upon any vehicle when required for safety; and

(3) It shall be permissible to use metal studded tires as prescribed in 27-37-402.

(d) The State Highway Commission and local authorities, in their respective jurisdictions and at their discretion, may issue special permits authorizing the operation upon a highway of traction engines or tractors having movable tracks with transverse corrugations upon the periphery of the movable tracks or farm tractors or other farm machinery, the operation of which upon a highway would otherwise be prohibited under this subchapter.

27-37-402. Metal studded tires lawful during prescribed period.

(a) It is lawful to use metal studded tires with studs protruding not more than one-sixteenth inch (1/16'') from the surface of the rubber tread on motor vehicles operated on the public highways of this state during the period from November 15 of each year until April 15 of the following year.

http://www.arkansashighways.com/ 

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California

California vehicle code

27454

A tire on a vehicle upon a highway shall not have on its periphery any block, stud, flange, cleat, ridge, bead, or any other protuberance of metal or wood that projects beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire.

This section does not apply to any of the following:

(a) Tire traction devices of reasonable size used to prevent skidding when upon wet surfaces or when upon snow or ice.

(b) Pneumatic tires that have embedded therein wire not to exceed 0.075 of an inch in diameter and that are constructed so that under no conditions will the percentage of metal in contact with the roadway exceed 5 percent of the total tire area in contact with the roadway, except that during the first 1,000 miles of use or operation of the tire, the metal in contact with the roadway may exceed 5 percent of the tire area in contact with the roadway, but shall in no event exceed 20 percent of the area.

(c) Vehicles operated upon unimproved roadways when necessary in the construction or repair of highways.

(d) Traction engines or tractors when operated under the conditions of a permit first obtained from the Department of Transportation.

(e) (1) Pneumatic tires containing metal-type studs of tungsten carbide or other suitable material that are inserted or constructed so that under no condition will the number of studs or the percentage of metal in contact with the roadway exceed 3 percent of the total tire area in contact with the roadway, between November 1 and April 30 of each year. A vehicle may be equipped year-round with tires that have studs that retract pneumatically or mechanically when not in use, if the studs are retracted between May 1 and October 31 of each year. A tire on a vehicle shall not be worn to a point at which the studs protrude beyond the tire tread when retracted.

(2) The commissioner, after consultation with the Department of Transportation, may extend the period during which the studded pneumatic tires may be used with studs deployed or inserted in areas of the state for the protection of the public because of adverse weather conditions.

(f) Pneumatic tires used on an authorized emergency vehicle, as defined in Section 165, containing metal-type studs of tungsten carbide or other suitable material, if the studs are inserted or constructed so that under no conditions will the number of studs or the percentage of metal in contact with the roadway exceed 3 percent of the total tire area in contact with the roadway. Notwithstanding subdivision (e), authorized emergency vehicles are permitted the unrestricted use of studded pneumatic tires throughout the year.

Need more information?

Visit Chain Requirements & FAQs.

Visit Winter Maintenance & Operations

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Colorado

Colorado
New!! Chain up Tips from CO Department of Transportation

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Connecticut

General Statutes of Connecticut

Tire chain usage is permitted for hazardous weather or other related incidents only, but may not damage the highway surface.  Tire chains are only permitted between November 15 and April 30.

Connecticut DMV FAQs.

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Delaware

Delaware Motor Vehicles Code

Studded tires are permitted from October 15 - April 15 and tire chains of reasonable proportions may be used upon any vehicle when required for safety because of snow, ice or other conditions tending to cause a vehicle to slide or skid. ... There are times when chains are required.

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Florida

Florida has no chain laws

Florida motor vehicle statutes

Detail: 316.299 rough surfaced wheels prohibited.

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Georgia

Georgia Driver Manual page 45

Use chains or snow tires if road conditions require extra traction

Georgia's Commercial Driver's Manual page 2-26

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Hawaii

http://hidot.hawaii.gov/

You can (1) use ordinary detachable tire or skid chains (2) studded snow tires on either the Mauna Kea access road above Hale Pohaku or on any other road within the Mauna Kea Science Reserve leased to the University of Hawaii.

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Idaho

https://itd.idaho.gov//

Idaho Statutes: Title 49 Motor Vehicles Chapter 9

No tire on a vehicle moved on a highway shall have on its periphery any block, stud, flange, cleat, spike, or any other protuberance of any material other than rubber which projects beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire, except as allowed herein. It shall be permissible to use farm machinery with tires having protuberances which will not injure the highway, and it shall be permissible to use tire chains. Tires with built-in lugs of tungsten carbide or other suitable material, hereinafter called studs, may be used upon any vehicle when required for safety because of snow, ice, or other conditions tending to cause a vehicle to skid, that will not unduly damage the highway. Motor vehicles, trailers and semitrailers with tires having built-in studs are prohibited on public highways between the dates of May 1 and September 30, annually, except as provided in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) of this subsection:
(a)  Fire pumper/tanker trucks and ladder trucks belonging to fire departments and firefighting agencies are exempt from the prohibited dates.
(b)  A vehicle may be equipped year-round with tires that have retractable studs if the studs retract pneumatically or mechanically to at or below the wear bar of the tire when not in use and the retractable studs protrude beyond the wear bar of the tire only between October 1 and April 30. Retractable studs may be made of metal or other material and are not subject to the stud weight requirements of subsection (4) of this section.
(c)  Special exemptions from the prohibited dates may be granted by the Idaho transportation board if it is found by the board that enhancements to public safety outweigh the increased pavement wear.

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Illinois

section 12‑401.

https://idot.illinois.gov/

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Indiana

Indiana Motor Vehicle code

https://www.in.gov/indot/

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Iowa

https://iowadot.gov/#/services

https://iowadot.gov/mvd/driverslicense/dlmanual/section3.pdf

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Kansas

http://www.ksdot.org/

http://www.kslegislature.org/li_2014/b2013_14/statute/008_000_0000_chapter/008_017_0000_article/008_017_0042_section/008_017_0042_k/

Permissible upon any vehicle when required for safety because of snow, ice or other conditions tending to cause a vehicle to skid.

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Kentucky

Kentucky revised motor vehicle statutes

https://transportation.ky.gov/Pages/Home.aspx

Permissible when icy road conditions exist. Where chains are used on rubber-tired vehicles, the cross chains shall be not more than three-fourths (3/4) of an inch in thickness or diameter, and shall be spaced not more than ten (10) inches apart, around the circumference of the tires.

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Louisiana

Louisiana law

RS 32:362 restrictions as to tire equipment.

B. No tire on a vehicle moved on a highway shall have on its periphery any protuberances of any material, other than rubber, which projects beyond the thread of the traction surface of the tire, except that it shall be permissible to:

(1)  Use farm machinery with tires having protuberances which will not injure the highways; and

(2)  Use tire chains of reasonable proportions upon any vehicle, when required for safety because of conditions tending to cause a vehicle to slide or skid.

 

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Maine

Maine motor vehicle statutes

§1919 studded tires

  1. Prohibited May 1st to October 1st.  Except as provided in subsections 2 and 3, from the first day of May to the first day of October, a person may not operate a vehicle with tires having metal studs, wires, spikes or other metal protruding from the tire tread. Pneumatic tires that feature embedded blocks, studs, flanges, cleats, spikes or other protuberances that are retractable may be used any time of the year, except that the protuberances may not be engaged or extended from the first day of May to the first day of October.  
  2. Extension of use period and issuance of permit.  Extended use of studded tires may be permitted according to this subsection.  
  3. A person may use studded tires for periods other than those specified in subsection 1, if the Commissioner of Transportation extends the use period or, in a special case, issues a permit covering stated periods of time for the use of studded tires. The fee for a permit may not be less than $3 and not more than $15, as determined by the commissioner.   
  4. A person issued a permit under paragraph A must carry the permit in an easily accessible place in or about the vehicle.   
  5. Application.  Subsection 1 does not apply to fire department vehicles or school buses.  

§1917 tires and wheels.

https://www.maine.gov/mdot/

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Maryland

Maryland Motor Vehicle Code

http://www.mdot.maryland.gov/

Chains may be required in Maryland if a snow emergency is declared. ... Chains, of "reasonable proportion," can be used for safety because of snow, ice or other conditions tending to cause a vehicle to skid.

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Massachusetts

Massachusetts Motor Vehicle Statutes section 16 offensive or illegal operation of motor vehicles.

https://www.mass.gov/orgs/massachusetts-department-of-transportation

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Michigan

Information for traction devices: Section 257.710

https://www.michigan.gov/mdot/

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Minnesota

http://www.dot.state.mn.us/

https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/cite/169.72

Chapter 169 traffic regulations, 169.72 tire surface; metal studs.

Permitted when road conditions (ice and snow) require tire chains. Studded pneumatic tires are not allowed on Minnesota registered vehicles.

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Mississippi

Mississippi DOT

Mississippi code § 63-7-67

You can use tire chains when conditions call for them.

"No tire on a vehicle moved on a highway shall have on its periphery any block, stud, flange, cleat, or spike or any other protuberances of any material other than rubber which projects beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire. However, it shall be permissible to use farm machinery with tires having protuberances which will not injure the highway, and it shall be permissible to use tire chains of reasonable proportions upon any vehicle when required for safety because of snow, ice, or other conditions tending to cause a vehicle to skid."

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Missouri

https://www.modot.org/

Tire chain usage is permitted for hazardous weather or other related incidents only, but may not damage the highway surface.

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Montana

Tire and Tire Chain restrictions

Tire chains can be used when required for safety because of snow, ice, or other conditions tending to cause a vehicle to skid.

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Nebraska

Nebraska Statute
Section 60-6,250

Tire chains can be used by all between November 1 and April 1 as well as when conditions require them.

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Nevada

Traction device requirements. (DOT) Chains or snow tires are required when posted on signs

Studded snow tires legal from Oct. 1 to April 30.

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New Hampshire

https://www.nh.gov/dot/

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New Jersey

New Jersey statutes,

Title 39 motor vehicles and traffic regulation.

Motor vehicle tires may be fitted with tire-chains of reasonable proportions when roads, streets and highways are slippery, because of rain, snow, ice, oil, manner of construction or other reason

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New Mexico

New Mexico statutory chapters

§ 66-3-847.

https://dot.state.nm.us/

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New York

https://drivinglaws.aaa.com/category/us-motor-laws/new-york/

Title 3, article 9 equipment of motor vehicles and motorcycles, § 375 equipment, 35 tires.

https://dmv.ny.gov/press-release/press-release-10-14-2016 

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North Carolina

North Carolina  §20‑122 restrictions as to tire equipment.

https://www.ncdot.gov/Pages/default.aspx

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North Dakota

http://www.dot.nd.gov/

Title 39 motor vehicles, 39-21-40

Tire chains may be used when necessary. Pneumatic tires with metal stubs projecting to 1/16 inch above the tread surface may be used between October 15 and April 15.

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Ohio

Ohio revised vehicle code

No person shall operate any motor vehicle, other than a public safety vehicle or school bus, that is equipped with studded tires on any street or highway in this state, except during the period extending from the first day of November of each year through the fifteenth day of April of the succeeding year

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Oklahoma

Oklahoma Legislative Information System Statutes

§47-12-405.

https://www.ok.gov/odot/

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Oregon

https://www.oregon.gov/odot/pages/index.aspx

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Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Vehicle Code 75

§4525

https://www.penndot.gov/Pages/default.aspx

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Rhode Island

Rhode Island
Chapter 31-23
Section 31-23-20

Tire chains are allowed on farm machinery and on all vehicles between November 15th- April 1st 

http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/TITLE31/31-23/31-23-20.HTM

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South Carolina

South Carolina code of laws
Title 56 motor vehicles
Chapter 5
Article 35
Section 56-5-5040

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South Dakota

South Dakota Codified Laws
Title 32 Motor Vehicles
Chapter 32-19

https://dot.sd.gov/

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Tennessee

Tennessee Code

https://www.tn.gov/tdot


55-9-106
Studded tires (a) No person shall use a tire on a vehicle moved on a highway which has on its periphery any block, stud, flange, cleat, or spike or any other protuberances of a material other than rubber which project beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire, except as otherwise provided in this section. (b) A person may operate on a highway a vehicle equipped with a tire which has imbedded in it wire or other material for improving traction on snow and ice during the period of October 1 through April 15 of each year. Such a tire shall be so constructed that the percentage of wire or other material in contact with the roadway does not exceed, after the first one thousand (1,000) miles of use or operation of any such tire, the wire or other material in contact with the roadway shall not exceed twenty percent (20%) of the total tire area in contact with the roadway. The studded tires allowed by this subsection (b) shall not be used at any time on a vehicle with a maximum gross weight of more than none thousand pounds (9,000 lbs.) , unless such a vehicle is a school bus or an emergency vehicle. (c) It is permissible to use tire chains of reasonable proportions on any vehicle when required for safety because of snow, ice, or other condition tending to cause a vehicle to skid.

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Texas

Texas Statutes

Tire Chains must not injure the highway and is a tire chain of reasonable proportion that is used as required for safety because of a condition that might cause the vehicle to skid.

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Utah

 

https://www.udot.utah.gov/main/f?p=100:6:0::::V,T:,1

Vehicles likely to encounter conditions requiring chains must carry sets for at least one driving wheel on each side. Signs will designate when chains are required. When any designated highway is restricted, no vehicle or motor vehicle shall be allowed or permitted the use of the highway, during the period between November 1 and March 31, unless: 1. Said vehicle is equipped with either: a. Steel link chains or have chains in possession; or b. Mounted snow tires; or c. Elastomeric tire chains, designed for use with radial tires. 2. Four-wheel drive vehicles must have a minimum of two mounted snow tires to meet the requirements. 3. Radial tires without snow tread do not meet the requirements.

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Vermont

Vermont Statutes, Title 23 Motor Vehicles, Chapter 13 Operation of Vehicles

https://vtrans.vermont.gov/

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Virginia

Chapter 10 Motor Vehicle & Equipment Safety
46.2-1044

Virginia Department of Transportation -

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Washington

West Virginia

West Virginia Tire Chain Code

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Wisconsin

WI Statute 347.45. Tire equipment.

https://wisconsindot.gov/Pages/home.aspx

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Wyoming

http://www.dot.state.wy.us/home/travel/winter/chain_law.html

Wyoming’s chain law includes two levels of restrictions that can be implemented on specific highway sections when conditions warrant.

Level 1

When conditions are hazardous, travel can be restricted to:

  • Vehicles equipped with tire chains; or
  • Vehicles with adequate snow tires; or
  • All-wheel-drive vehicles.

Level 2

When conditions are extremely hazardous, travel can be restricted to:

  • Vehicles equipped with tire chains; or
  • All-wheel-drive vehicles equipped with adequate mud and snow or all-weather-rated tires.

Under Level 2, commercial vehicles must have chains on at least two of the drive wheels at opposite ends of the same drive axle.

Do not stop in the driving lane to install or remove chains!

 

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